Sscanf code

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This article is about the obsolete Pawn version of sscanf. For the newer plugin version, see sscanf.

Code

Add this at the bottom of your script to be able to use it, or make an include of it.


Image:50px-Ambox_outdated_serious.png This version is deprecated. Please use the plugin version (referenced above).


/*----------------------------------------------------------------------------*-
Function:
	sscanf
Params:
	string[] - String to extract parameters from.
	format[] - Parameter types to get.
	{Float,_}:... - Data return variables.
Return:
	0 - Successful, not 0 - fail.
Notes:
	A fail is either insufficient variables to store the data or insufficient
	data for the format string - excess data is disgarded.
 
	A string in the middle of the input data is extracted as a single word, a
	string at the end of the data collects all remaining text.
 
	The format codes are:
 
	c - A character.
	d, i - An integer.
	h, x - A hex number (e.g. a colour).
	f - A float.
	s - A string.
	z - An optional string.
	pX - An additional delimiter where X is another character.
	'' - Encloses a litteral string to locate.
	u - User, takes a name, part of a name or an id and returns the id if they're connected.
 
	Now has IsNumeric integrated into the code.
 
	Added additional delimiters in the form of all whitespace and an
	optioanlly specified one in the format string.
-*----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 
stock sscanf(string[], format[], {Float,_}:...)
{
	#if defined isnull
		if (isnull(string))
	#else
		if (string[0] == 0 || (string[0] == 1 && string[1] == 0))
	#endif
		{
			return format[0];
		}
	#pragma tabsize 4
	new
		formatPos = 0,
		stringPos = 0,
		paramPos = 2,
		paramCount = numargs(),
		delim = ' ';
	while (string[stringPos] && string[stringPos] <= ' ')
	{
		stringPos++;
	}
	while (paramPos < paramCount && string[stringPos])
	{
		switch (format[formatPos++])
		{
			case '\0':
			{
				return 0;
			}
			case 'i', 'd':
			{
				new
					neg = 1,
					num = 0,
					ch = string[stringPos];
				if (ch == '-')
				{
					neg = -1;
					ch = string[++stringPos];
				}
				do
				{
					stringPos++;
					if ('0' <= ch <= '9')
					{
						num = (num * 10) + (ch - '0');
					}
					else
					{
						return -1;
					}
				}
				while ((ch = string[stringPos]) > ' ' && ch != delim);
				setarg(paramPos, 0, num * neg);
			}
			case 'h', 'x':
			{
				new
					num = 0,
					ch = string[stringPos];
				do
				{
					stringPos++;
					switch (ch)
					{
						case 'x', 'X':
						{
							num = 0;
							continue;
						}
						case '0' .. '9':
						{
							num = (num << 4) | (ch - '0');
						}
						case 'a' .. 'f':
						{
							num = (num << 4) | (ch - ('a' - 10));
						}
						case 'A' .. 'F':
						{
							num = (num << 4) | (ch - ('A' - 10));
						}
						default:
						{
							return -1;
						}
					}
				}
				while ((ch = string[stringPos]) > ' ' && ch != delim);
				setarg(paramPos, 0, num);
			}
			case 'c':
			{
				setarg(paramPos, 0, string[stringPos++]);
			}
			case 'f':
			{
 
				new changestr[16], changepos = 0, strpos = stringPos;     
				while(changepos < 16 && string[strpos] && string[strpos] != delim)
				{
					changestr[changepos++] = string[strpos++];
    				} 
				changestr[changepos] = '\0'; 
				setarg(paramPos,0,_:floatstr(changestr)); 
			} 
			case 'p':
			{
				delim = format[formatPos++];
				continue;
			}
			case '\'':
			{
				new
					end = formatPos - 1,
					ch;
				while ((ch = format[++end]) && ch != '\'') {}
				if (!ch)
				{
					return -1;
				}
				format[end] = '\0';
				if ((ch = strfind(string, format[formatPos], false, stringPos)) == -1)
				{
					if (format[end + 1])
					{
						return -1;
					}
					return 0;
				}
				format[end] = '\'';
				stringPos = ch + (end - formatPos);
				formatPos = end + 1;
			}
			case 'u':
			{
				new
					end = stringPos - 1,
					id = 0,
					bool:num = true,
					ch;
				while ((ch = string[++end]) && ch != delim)
				{
					if (num)
					{
						if ('0' <= ch <= '9')
						{
							id = (id * 10) + (ch - '0');
						}
						else
						{
							num = false;
						}
					}
				}
				if (num && IsPlayerConnected(id))
				{
					setarg(paramPos, 0, id);
				}
				else
				{
					#if !defined foreach
						#define foreach(%1,%2) for (new %2 = 0; %2 < MAX_PLAYERS; %2++) if (IsPlayerConnected(%2))
						#define __SSCANF_FOREACH__
					#endif
					string[end] = '\0';
					num = false;
					new
						name[MAX_PLAYER_NAME];
					id = end - stringPos;
					foreach (Player, playerid)
					{
						GetPlayerName(playerid, name, sizeof (name));
						if (!strcmp(name, string[stringPos], true, id))
						{
							setarg(paramPos, 0, playerid);
							num = true;
							break;
						}
					}
					if (!num)
					{
						setarg(paramPos, 0, INVALID_PLAYER_ID);
					}
					string[end] = ch;
					#if defined __SSCANF_FOREACH__
						#undef foreach
						#undef __SSCANF_FOREACH__
					#endif
				}
				stringPos = end;
			}
			case 's', 'z':
			{
				new
					i = 0,
					ch;
				if (format[formatPos])
				{
					while ((ch = string[stringPos++]) && ch != delim)
					{
						setarg(paramPos, i++, ch);
					}
					if (!i)
					{
						return -1;
					}
				}
				else
				{
					while ((ch = string[stringPos++]))
					{
						setarg(paramPos, i++, ch);
					}
				}
				stringPos--;
				setarg(paramPos, i, '\0');
			}
			default:
			{
				continue;
			}
		}
		while (string[stringPos] && string[stringPos] != delim && string[stringPos] > ' ')
		{
			stringPos++;
		}
		while (string[stringPos] && (string[stringPos] == delim || string[stringPos] <= ' '))
		{
			stringPos++;
		}
		paramPos++;
	}
	do
	{
		if ((delim = format[formatPos++]) > ' ')
		{
			if (delim == '\'')
			{
				while ((delim = format[formatPos++]) && delim != '\'') {}
			}
			else if (delim != 'z')
			{
				return delim;
			}
		}
	}
	while (delim > ' ');
	return 0;
}
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